More in Ethics
While physicians must respect patient autonomy, they have a professional commitment to provide medical intervention when possible.
Often central to communities, faith-based organizations serve as local touchstones for health initiatives and outreach programs.
The Belmont Report provides an appropriate framework for living donor organ transplantation.
William Halford, PhD, reportedly administered a live attenuated herpes simplex virus vaccine to 17 participants at an off-campus hotel without approval from an institutional review board.
What is the most ethically sound treatment when a patient is sedated and does not have a healthcare power of attorney?
Hepatitis B core Antibody (anti-HB c+) organs may be a safe and ethical transplant option in an era where increased medical knowledge has enabled greater treatment for hepatitis.
Mental Health Organizations Urge Administration to Stop Separating Parents and Children at US Border
Citing the high degree of stress and possible lifelong trauma children can experience as the result of a forced separation, the mental health organizations noted that the policy could result in an increased risk for many mental illnesses.
Surrogate decision making for patients without decision-making capabilities or advance directives can be a challenging task to take on.
The use of specialist services may allow more equitable solutions to treatment questions in critically ill children as they are less formal and adversarial than the courts.
The assessment of pain in patients with burns should be involve slightly similar approaches between adults and children.
The FIRST trial was heavily debated in the medical community on publication,
Clinicians offered perspective on a case regarding a mother who requested discontinuation of life-sustaining treatment for her infant after 7 months of NICU care.
In an era of larger-scale studies and increased data digitization, the question of which information is appropriate to disclose has become a focal point in medical ethics.
The practice of family separations has been described by the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics as a "form of child abuse."
Physician aid in dying is a divisive topic in the medical community, and even physicians who support the practice may only do so conditionally.
Among some communities, hymenoplasty is seen as a "pragmatic choice" for women to conform to societal conceptions of virginity.
While politicians celebrate the passage of the Right to Try Act, physicians must closely monitor the outcomes to mitigate the potential consequences of this law.
The Ethical Argument Against Publishing Medical Research: What Responsibility Do Journal Editors Have?
There is growing concern regarding the power of the written word, specifically those words that are printed in medical journals.
The feminist and legal arguments against pornography, particularly images and videos featuring women, is that it results in the continuation of gender-based inequality.
Posthumous sperm collection should only be used in cases where there is a well-established relationship with a partner before death.
Medical tourism can complicate ethical expectations regarding patients' rights, including informed consent, continuity of care, and access to medical records.
Being someone's emergency contact may mean even more as researchers use this information to study the heritability of various conditions.
The internet has made it easier than ever for patients to search for physicians, but what happens when an innocent search yields horrific results?
Gender-affirming surgery is the only medically necessary intervention specifically denied to US armed services veterans.
Case study authors review the ethical and legal considerations of a medical student accessing a patient electronic health record after the patient is no longer in the student's care.
As a highly delicate and case-sensitive issue, cessation of treatment for non-competent patients will continue to be central to the medical and bioethics communities.
Although all of the guidelines acknowledge that there are emergent situations in which providing care for a family member or friend is not only permissible but also essential, other situations are frowned upon.
As OpenNotes and similar patient portal systems gain traction, pediatricians examined the optimal way to afford transparency to parents while preserving patient confidentiality for minors.
Continued improvement in payment reporting mechanisms is crucial to meet the benchmarks set by the Physician Payments Sunshine Act.
Results still indicate a trajectory toward stricter infection prevention at hospitals in general, and highlight a possible need for increased vaccine mandates.
Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Disease: Despite Need for Rigorous Oversight, Studies Are Vital
Barriers to challenge studies include ethical guidelines indicating that the generation of scientific knowledge should never supersede the rights and interests of research subjects.
Although organ donation is important and is considered a public good, trauma physicians are charged first and foremost with restoring and maintaining the health of their patients.
To shed further light on the study's implications, MPR interviewed lead author Anupam B. Jena, MD, PhD, Ruth L. Newhouse Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
How many second chances should a drug user get? As many as it takes for us — physicians, society, government, and the healthcare system — to get it right.
The case study focused on the story of a clinician who arrived in Lebanon to discuss how to best offer infertility treatment to Syrian refugees in the region.
Study investigators asked physicians whether they perceived specific clinical examples as an ethical dilemma.
Widespread Lack of Understanding of Disease Risk Factors, Research Needs in Incarcerated Populations
Incarcerated individuals are underrepresented in health research, resulting in poor understanding of risk factors for disease
The staggering number of incarcerated Americans has inspired an avalanche of studies demonstrating how patterns of imprisonment exacerbate inequality and affect the life chances of entire families.
In the past few years, Snapchat has allowed plastic surgeons to showcase labiaplasty surgical procedures to a large audience, which has led to ethical concerns.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance for industry regarding the science and ethics of including pregnant women in drug development clinical trials.
There are substantial limitations to depending only on institutional investigations of scientific misconduct.
UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity
Recent measures in the United Kingdom have proposed restricting access to elective surgery for smokers and people with obesity.
Difficult trade-offs are often necessary in low-income areas where health care is paid for out of pocket.
Informed consent, privacy, and justice concerns are 3 issues that should be addressed before the use of online genealogy data in criminal cases becomes widely adopted.
While many treatments for substance use disorder are not evidence based, several evidence-based approaches have shown effectiveness in court-mandated treatment settings.
Providing emergency-only care to undocumented immigrants has been linked to increased moral distress and burnout in treating physicians.
Although social media advertising is an innovative and useful tool, there are risks to patients who are exposed to a physician's "brand" through social media.
From Needle Exchanges to Supervised Injection: Why Communities Benefit From Supervised Injection Sites
Like needle exchanges before them, supervised injection sites have been shown to decrease the harms associated with injection drug use.
Although they are against the law, supervised injection sites are slated to open in Seattle, San Francisco, and Philadelphia in 2018.
Dismissing the children of vaccine-refusing families does not address the fundamental issue of vaccine refusal.
Identifying a patient's preferences and goals leads to a care plan that can reflect those goals, and this may improve patient satisfaction.
Airplane cockpits have a lot in common with operating rooms: both host a small team that's trusted to perform an extraordinarily complex task with the clear understanding that any misstep could spell doom.
The Department of Health and Human Services has announced the creation of the Conscience and Religious Freedom Division within the HHS Office of Civil Rights.
Fielding medical requests from friends and family can be a complex issue for physicians to navigate.
Approximately one-quarter of public speakers presenting at the Anesthetic and Analgesic Drug Products Advisor Committee Meetings have conflicts of interest.
Upcoding is universally illegal, but that doesn't stop physicians and nurses the world over from labeling a simple infection as septicemia or pretending that a routine office visit involves a comprehensive evaluation.
The role of an anesthesiologist during surgery is not solely to make the patient more comfortable: if a patient becomes hemodynamically unstable, the anesthesiologist is required to administer CPR — sometimes against a patient's wishes.
In medicine, there is often a disconnect between what is taught in the classroom and what students observe in clinical practice.
CVS Health faces lawsuit for revealing the HIV status of 6000 patients in Ohio.
Differing visions and expectations often lead to clashes between medical teams and families of patients diagnosed with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome.
Nearly 600 kg of recycling was recovered, including over 2500 documents with personally identifiable health information.
The Goldwater Rule has proven remarkably resilient and has not been seriously challenged for half a century — until now.
Belgium and the Netherlands currently allow variations on pediatric euthanasia, stoking the worldwide debate surrounding the practice.
Even when presuming that there is a "right to test," concerns arise that patients will be misguided in their decisions based on poorly validated direct to consumer genetic tests.
A "deemed consent" law was recently enacted in Wales as part of efforts to improve rates of organ procurement.
Although privacy issues are important, public interest in innovation and affordable healthcare may take precedence.
Lawyers make things complicated — including policies requiring mandatory influenza vaccinations for healthcare workers.
The concept of conscientious objection has been appropriated by health care professionals who refuse to perform certain tasks related to female reproductive health.
Abilify MyCite sends messages to a removable patch to track patient medication adherence.
Torture has always had its place as a two-faced mythical creature in American society, but no neuroscientific backing for the practice exists.
Researchers argue that violence is best treated as an epidemic health problem.
Researchers partnered with the National Security Agency to examine social, ethical, and pedagogical considerations surrounding prototype intelligence technology use.
More than 20% of articles included in a cross-sectional study included conflict-of-interest disclosures.
When Hard Cases Make Bad Law: Evidence-Based Recommendations vs Legal Precedence for Resuscitation of Premature Infants
The decision to resuscitate an extremely premature newborn is governed by a patchwork of state-level laws that are not necessarily grounded in evidence-based medicine.
Two clinicians sound off regarding proposed sexual orientation monitoring in health and social care settings.
Recent "right-to-try" legislation passed in the Senate could diminish the FDA's public health mission.
Physicians should be aware of state laws pertaining to firearm counseling, temporary transfer, and safe storage.
Recent revisions to the Common Rule deal largely with improving transparency of informed consent while introducing a new concept of "broad consent" that can expand the reach of research.
Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to implement predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.
Physicians need to think about ethical problems in a way that allows a balance of competing priorities and also leaves room for personalized decision-making.
Reform is necessary to balance the health needs of hospital-dependent patients with those of the larger hospital community.
Researchers should disclose conflicts of interest that present bias toward a specific organization, industry, or dietary behavior.
While some support physician participation in lethal injection, others view it as a clear violation of the Hippocratic Oath.
Investigators should plan for future public health epidemics so that consensus about trial design and conduct among agencies and local communities can be reached before the next outbreak.
Cardiologists have varying degrees of implicit gender bias, which explains some of the gender differences in clinical decision-making for suspected CAD.
Determining whether or not an individual is a minor can be difficult when reliable documentation is lacking.
Medical professionals can be caught between the legal and ethical obligations of informed consent and the legal obligations of complying with law enforcement orders.
Recent legislation in several states passed legislation requiring insurance companies to cover fertility preservation services.
The researchers note that VSED has a distinct time frame allowing patients and families to say goodbye and work on issues relating to life closure. The initial states of VSED are mainly under the patient's control, and most of the process is driven and executed by the patient.
Successful implementation of distributive justice and beneficence are essential for research in developing countries.
Although electroconvulsive therapy is effective for patients with severe psychiatric disorders, various misconceptions still exist.
Although some research shows that empathy decreases over the course of medical school training, other evidence suggests that certain aspects of empathy improve throughout training.