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The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.
The UK FAST campaign attempted to bolster patient response to both transient ischemic attack and minor stroke.
What's the best way to tell your anti-vaccine patients the truth about vaccines?
The trial will be a Phase 2b dose-ranging study (N=216) with patients from 12-15 research centers across Europe and North America.
Authorship of perspective-type articles in high-impact pediatric journals showed fewer female physician first authors despite women outnumbering their male colleagues in the pediatric specialty.
Medical comic books may be an acceptable form of patient education material, but clinicians should assess and honor patient preferences before providing these materials.
In general, routine annual vaccination is recommended for all patients ≥6 months of age who have no contraindications.
Study investigators suggest that interns in psychiatry are the most vulnerable population among medical interns and should be targeted for prevention interventions.
This date modification beyond the approved 20-month shelf life was based an FDA review of product stability data submitted by Mylan.
The US Preventive Services Task Force conducted a review of trials and cohort studies to support an update of its cervical cancer screening recommendations for women ages 21 to 65 and older.
Chronic use of prescription opioids was correlated with support for the Republican candidate in the 2016 presidential election.
A person's unwillingness to become an organ donor may be explained by a significant information deficit, mistrust for the medical establishment, or a moral opposition to killing.
Approximately 1% of individuals in the United States have a genetic predisposition to cancer or heart disease, and these individuals could be ideal candidates for genetic screening.
Study investigators found that baseline scores of knowledge for radiation exposure were low overall, except in the case of participants who were radiologists.
When teaching morally or spiritually complex issues during medical training, physicians should create a supportive environment with respectful discourse.
The approval was supported by year 2 data from the Phase 3 VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 trials that evaluated 2412 patients with wet AMD who followed a modified 12-week dosing schedule (doses at least every 12 weeks and additional doses as needed).
Researchers studied the efficacy of single-dose inhaled vaporized cannabis to alleviate breathlessness and improve exercise tolerance in adults with advanced COPD.
Harvard Medical School's partnership with Zoo New England is unlike any other program in the country.
In May, the Food and Drug Administration posted a drug shortage alert, adding Mylan's EpiPen (epinephrine injection) to the drug shortage list.
Unsolicited notices to prescribers as part of prescription drug monitoring programs may not effectively reduce opioid use, as patients may seek other prescribers.
It is critical for us to remember that children are not little adults. Pediatric-onset diabetes is different from adult-onset diabetes due to its distinct epidemiology, pathophysiology, developmental considerations, and response to therapy.
Southern states have the 10 highest opioid prescribing rates in the country, while California, New York, and Virginia are among the bottom 10.
The president's cognitive fitness has always been a hot-button topic among both the general public and the medical community.
Abuse-deterrent opioid formulations have not yet been widely accepted despite their proposed value in reducing opioid abuse and related mortality. Many of the current barriers to broader use are related to their higher cost compared with conventional formulations.
It is known that the space environment and zero gravity pose risks to human health, but planetary dust is another threat that has been mostly overlooked.
There is a lack of direct evidence that assesses the benefits and harms of screening for urinary incontinence in women.
All healthcare providers have a role in combating the opioid use disorder epidemic and its infectious disease consequences.
International evidence-based guidelines include 166 recommendations and practice points to improve health outcomes of women with PCOS.
Transplant providers are more likely to choose candidates for kidney transplant if they have a strong social support network.
A providers' capacity to feel compassion is affected in part by the practice environment.
The FDA continues to battle the nation's opioid problem even as it looks to detect and prevent the next threat.
Study results serve as an important impetus for physicians, nurses, hospital administrators, and others involved in the care of hospitalized patients to optimize sleep in the hospital setting.
Study results demonstrate that the eyes are gateways into the effects of space flight on the brain.
Stigmatizing terms used to describe individuals who have a substance addiction, including "addict," alcoholic," and "substance abuser," may be associated with negative explicit and implicit biases and should be replaced with positive terms that still describe the conditions accurately.
Cannabis has been shown to reduce the use of prescription drugs that have more numerous and serious side effects, including opioids, benzodiazepines, and antidepressants.
The development of a theoretical framework can help prevent the pervasive abuse, harassment, discrimination, and mistreatment of medical trainees.
These results indicate an association between adolescent engagement in digital media activities and subsequent ADHD symptoms.
Individuals taking opioids were found to be more likely to report physical and mental health issues and to have more frequent dealings with the criminal justice system compared with individuals not taking opioids.
The Dip.io kit works in tandem with existing smartphone cameras and a dedicated app.
Several nations have limited the allowable sodium content of key foods, and the United Kingdom and Canada have implemented voluntary sodium-reduction targets for many categories of foods.
Using data from the 2012 and 2013 National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys, researchers looked at all adult outpatient visits to psychiatric practices for chronic care management in which ≥1 psychiatric medication was prescribed.
The mission of the National Guideline Clearinghouse was to offer a source of objective, detailed information on clinical practice guidelines, and to further their dissemination, implementation, and use by healthcare professionals.
According to the AAP, improvements to the current regulatory process for food additives are "urgently needed" as recent studies suggest many of these chemicals have been linked to endocrine system disruption and other adverse health effects.
Empathetic statements from physicians during intensive care conferences with family members are conducive to building the physician-family relationship.
From 2003 to 2015, funding for the National Institutes of Health declined by 22% due to a nationwide decrease in biomedical research support.
The past 2 decades of biomedical research have seen a substantial increase in "hypercompetition" for funding.
Most adults in the United States believe that marijuana has at least 1 benefit.
Cesium chloride is not approved by the FDA to treat cancer or any other disease.
With the explosion of big data and its use in human biomedical research comes the possibility of unauthorized parties accessing data and potentially re-identifying de-identified personal information.
The FDA has the ability within its governing laws to reveal to the public the reasons for its decisions to reject or approve drugs.
Consensus guidelines regarding the use of ketamine for the management of acute pain have been approved.
After a Department of Justice investigation, the rate of noncompliant implantable cardioverter-defibrillator use significantly decreased in the hospital setting.
Ticks capable of transmitting Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses have been identified in dozens of places across the United States.
The attending surgeon is associated with variation in the receipt of genetic testing after breast cancer diagnosis.
Bayer maintains that the safety and efficacy of the device remains consistent and that the reason for this discontinuation is strictly business-related.
Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.
Can groups with varying viewpoints come together to agree on a set of standards for the accreditation process?
Point-Counterpoint: Should We Implement Needle Exchange Programs for the Prevention of Hepatitis C Virus?
Of the approximately 12.7 to 16 million people who inject drugs (PWID) worldwide, an estimated 10 million individuals have hepatitis C virus (HCV), making it the most prevalent infectious disease in this population.
Although home visiting programs aimed at improving the school readiness of preschool children have shown promise in short-term studies, they have not been adequately evaluated in longer-term studies.
The American Medical Association has committed to working to integrate precision medicine into alternative payment models.
The FDA has released a Biosimilar Action Plan to promote competition and affordability across the market for biologic and biosimilar products.
Sex workers already operate at the social and economic margins. SESTA-FOSTA makes it increasingly difficult for them to advertise and screen clients safely, deeply cutting into their incomes and threatening their livelihoods.
Following the close of the 2018 World Cup, FIFA must consider how to better handle concussions moving forward.
New research supports expanded restrictions on opioid-containing cough and cold medications for children.
Researchers evaluated the medical literature using terms including early access, compassionate use, pre-approval access, and named-patient programs.
Infectious disease experts from Emory University School of Medicine recommend that patients contemplating travel to Zika-affected areas consult with their care providers regarding travel plans and potential Zika virus testing.
Approximately 25% of adolescent mothers had their first child taken into CPS care within the first week of birth.
The draft guidance, Innovative Approaches for Nonprescription Drug Products, applies to drugs under the New Drug Application (NDA) process and "is intended to extend that NDA pathway to include therapeutic indications that have not, historically, been available for use without a prescription," said Gottlieb in a press statement.
Women of reproductive age are often unaware of their hospital's religious affiliation.
Participants who reported a positive future orientation were significantly less likely to report threatening someone with a weapon.
In academic medicine, harassment remains common; these issues begin early in training, with negative gender-based experiences reported by preclinical medical students.
Current oral contraceptive products contain lower doses of estrogen than those used in the past, prompting reconsideration of risks and benefits.
Inadequate safety data exist to support the use of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic interventions.
Divergent recommendations in guidelines from the USPSTF and the ATA/AACE contribute to the controversy surrounding whether to test and treat for subclinical hypothyroidism.
"Consumers who aren't involved in manufacturing or distributing FDA regulated products should be on alert that if you get an FDA warning letter, it's probably fake, and probably a scam," said Gottlieb.
Communication-Based Intervention Increases Goals-of-Care Discussions Between Physicians, Patients With Serious Illness
Good clinician communication on the goals of care for patients with serious illness is associated with improved patient outcomes and reduced intensity of end-of-life care.
For this study, the authors aimed to quantify this effect by conducting a systematic review of various databases to identify studies that included a placebo arm and used Female Sexual Function Index as a clinical outcome.
Non-research industry payments to physicians may be associated with increases in opioid prescribing rates.
The FDA recommends moving away from testing each individual donation to testing pooled donations.
The labeling changes are based on a review of postmarketing adverse event reports found in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database and published medical literature.
Because most reconstructive surgeons are not trained in communicating complex risk information, some women may choose to have the procedure done without fully understanding the risks.
This study supports the effects of close clinical observation and the use of combined treatment interventions including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for achieving remission in veterans with treatment-resistant depression.
Mindfulness-based interventions are proven effective in helping patients with cancer manage distress and other psychological symptoms. In this study, researchers sought to determine if Internet-based MBCT can be as effective as face-to-face interventions.
The US military has reinvented trauma care, offering hope for changing approaches to health care.
Following a blood shortage triggered by the Fourth of July holiday week, the American Red Cross has called for donations of all blood types, but especially type O.
In a randomized study, researchers sought to determine the effect of IV injections of coix seed oil, a Chinese CAM, on pain and quality of life measures for patients with advanced cancer.
Discussions involving Internet challenges with children and adolescents should be as sensitive as those about sexuality and drug or alcohol use.
With rising healthcare costs reaching unsustainable levels, effective management of the relatively small population of patients who require the most care and incur the highest healthcare costs is a focus of many providers and payers.
French FDP has been approved by the FDA for use in military personnel in medical emergencies.
Primary care providers should screen for depression and other health-related risks associated with the use of social media by adolescents.
Insulin resistance contributes to the increased risk of type 2 diabetes in individuals with polycystic ovary syndrome.
There is moderately high interest in genetic testing for melanoma risk among the general population.
Many healthcare providers reported that they often do not have the time to counsel their patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension on pregnancy risks.
A panel discussion event held at the US Food and Drug Administration gathered patients with chronic pain and FDA officials, to reconcile concerns around prescriptions of opioid medications with the needs of these patient populations.
Concerns and motivations regarding living donor status in people with HIV should be assessed by physicians and independent living donor advocates.
Researchers sought to assess the frequency of specific government agencies and organizations in their funding for the review studies.
The device is indicated for ultrasound echo imaging, measurement, and analysis of the human body for general clinical applications including musculoskeletal, vascular, small parts (breast, thyroid), and lung imaging.
The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.
Hives, skin rash, stomach problems, headaches, and trouble breathing are among the symptoms of the meat allergy.
A newly-adopted AMA policy supports excise taxes on sugar-sweetened drinks, the use of warning labels to inform consumers about the potential health consequences of consumption, and plain packaging.